Developmental Milestones

Contact Us

  • Early-In Special Education Preschool
    Educational Resource Center
    396 Elementary Dr
    Fayetteville, NC 28301
    Phone: 910-484-6761
    Fax: 910-484-6956
    Shanaira Walker, Program Specialist

    Exceptional Children's Services
    2465 Gillespie Street
    Fayetteville, NC 28306
    Phone: (910) 678-2440
    Fax: (910) 678-2620

    Dr. Pamela Adams-Watkins
    Executive Director

    John A. McMillan



  • Children laughing Below are a few reference tools to help you know when a concern for your child’s development may be warranted.  Please note that all children develop at their own pace.  Your child may have skills scattered throughout different age levels.  These lists are not meant to be used as diagnostic tools.  They are meant to reference ages at which most typically developing children gain these skills.

    Milestone Moments is a helpful resource from the Centers for Disease Control’s Child Development page.  Click on the links below for more information.
    Milestone Moments English
    Milestone Moments Spanish

    The following was compiled by the Early-In Special Education Preschool team as a more concise list of general developmental skills by age level.
    If you do not see a skill that you are concerned about, refer to the Milestone Moments above for a broader comparison.

    1 – 2 years

    Imitates behavior of others
    Enjoys being near other children
    Demonstrates increasing independence
    Shows some defiant behavior
    Begins make-believe play
    Begins to sort by shape/color
    Points to objects/pictures when named
    Points to body parts
    Says several single words (by 15-18 mo)
    Uses simple phrases (by 18-24 mo)
    Imitate words others say
    Walks alone
    Climbs onto & down from furniture
    Walks up & down stairs holding on
    Builds a tower of 4 or more blocks

    2 – 3 years

    Jump in place, two feet together
    Stand on one foot, unaided
    Kickball forward
    Throw ball
    Snip with scissors
    Hold the crayon with your thumb and finger
    Imitate vertical, horizontal & circular strokes on paper
    Match shapes
    Can tell how many -1 or 2
    Roll, pound, squeeze clay material
    Follow simple directions.
    Play near other children
    Identify objects by their use
    Imitate words heard
    Communicate using short phrases
    Assist with dressing/undressing

    3 – 4 years

    Balance on one foot 5 seconds
    Pedal a tricycle
    Throw a ball with direction & catch the ball
    Copy a circle, imitate a cross on paper
    Scribble, holding crayon correctly
    Match/sort objects by color & shape
    Rote count to 5/count objects to 3
    Knows own name and age
    Knows phrases of songs
    Listen to a short story (5 minutes)
    Share toys, take turns
    Pretend to play with dolls and people
    Stay on the activity of choice for 5 minutes
    Follow 2-step commands
    Communicate in 3-4 word sentence
    Use pronouns (I, you, me) and plurals
    Use toilet independently

    4 – 5 years

    Hop on one foot
    Run and change direction without stopping
    Draw a person with four body parts
    Dress/undress/use toilet by self
    Knows right from left
    Uses scribbles & some letters to write
    May copy some letters and shapes
    Can identify own name in print
    Count 10 or more objects
    Able to copy/extend a simple pattern
    Name at least four colors correctly
    Stay on the activity of choice for 10 minutes
    Say your name and address
    Verbalize your own feelings
    Carry on a conversation on one topic
    Knows the function of money
    Wants to please friends/be like them